1963: The Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism is established.

1965: French immersion begins as a pilot program in one school in St. Lambert, Quebec.

1968: Bilingualism becomes federal government policy when the Official Languages Act is passed by the Parliament of Canada, according equality of status to English and French in government and the Parliament of Canada.

1970: The Official Languages in Education Program (OLEP) is created by federal Department of the Secretary of State (now Canadian Heritage); first federal-provincial agreements on minority-language education and second-language instruction are signed.

1977: Canadian Parents for French is founded by Anglophone parents who wish to increase student success in FSL education. Less than 40,000 students are enrolled in French-immersion programs in Canada.

1983: The first Protocol on teaching official languages is signed with provincial and territorial governments in conjunction with the Council of Ministers of Education, Canada (CMEC) and the Department of Canadian Heritage.

1988: A new Official Languages Act is passed by the Parliament of Canada, reflecting the Charter of Rights and Freedoms and reinforcing the role of the Commissioner of Official Languages.

2000: A new Protocol is signed by federal, provincial, and territorial governments, including guarantee that provinces and territories will provide Action Plans on the use of funds.

2000: The State of French-Second-Language Education in Canada 2000, the first in a series of annual reports by Canadian Parents for French, is published. Nearly 2-million Canadian students are studying French as a second language in core/basic or immersion programs. Of the 2 million students, there are 318,000 students enrolled in French immersion programs.

2001 The Speech from the Throne opening the 37th session of Parliament states that Canada’s linguistic duality is fundamental to our Canadian identity and is a key element of our vibrant society.

2001: Hon. Stéphane Dion, President of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada and Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, is appointed by Prime Minister Jean Chrétien to take a leading role in coordinating official language initiatives for the federal government.

2003: Canada’s Action Plan for Official Languages is released.

2008: The Roadmap for Canada’s Linguistic Duality is released as a follow-up to the 2003 Action Plan, which expired in 2008.