• Glossary of Terms

    Academic Stream: a selection of secondary school courses designed to prepare the graduating student for university entrance Attrition: the rate at which students drop a school program Basic French: see Core French Compact Core French: an FSL program that provides students with a concentrated exposure to the regular core French curriculum during a shortened period of time Core French: a program in which French is taught as a subject for one period each day or several periods each week;…

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  • Core and Immersion as FSL Partners

    Contrary to public perception, core and immersion are not competing programs - rather, they are complementary systems that work well together.

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  • Enrolment, Recruitment and Retention

    Why is enrolment an issue in French-Second-Language (FSL) education? When FSL programs are optional, enrolment levels can affect program quality and sustainability. School district policy often dictates that without a minimum level of enrollment, FSL programs cannot be sustained. Many schools and school districts mistakenly believe that immersion is suitable only for above-average students, so that students with special needs or lower academic abilities are often prevented or discouraged from…

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  • CPF School Self-Assessment Tool: Backgrounder

    What is the CPF School Self-Assessment Tool? A tool to help schools and school districts evaluate their support for FSL programs and improve existing support systems to FSL programs. Where schools and school boards do not yet have FSL programs, the Tool provides a model for the development of quality FSL programs. For whom is the School Self-Assessment Tool intended? It is intended for schools to have discussions with all stakeholders (parents, teachers, students, administrators) about…

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  • Who's Who in FSL Education

    Support at the National Level

    The Office of the Commissioner of Official Languages (OCOL), an agency of Parliament of Canada, ensures recognition of the status of English and French, respect for and an understanding of the Official Languages Act in Canadian society. The Department of Canadian Heritage, a federal government department, works to advance the equality of status and use of English and French in Canadian society. It administers the Official Languages Support Programs, which assist organizations…

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  • Chronology of FSL in Canada

    1963: The Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism is established. 1965: French immersion begins as a pilot program in one school in St. Lambert, Quebec. 1968: Bilingualism becomes federal government policy when the Official Languages Act is passed by the Parliament of Canada, according equality of status to English and French in government and the Parliament of Canada. 1970: The Official Languages in Education Program (OLEP) is created by federal Department of the Secretary of…

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  • Money Matters

    Funding FSL Programs

    Frequently asked questions about program funding in Canada

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